Pigmentation in the skin is due to the presence of melanin, a substance that is produced naturally by the skin. Most of us have native pigment in our skin which gives rise to our natural skin colour that is influenced by our genetic background, degree of sun-exposure, etc. Where melanin is found in dense “clumps” in the skin, it is seen as pigmented spots on the surface of the skin. These pigmented spots, though often harmless, can be a cosmetic problem, and even affect one’s self esteem.
The most common causes of pigmentation in the skin are:
Some of the effective remedies to treat pigmentation are:
Regardless of the diagnosis and method of treatment, judicious protection of the skin from excessive exposure to the sun is vital for maintaining good results. The regular use of appropriate sunscreens and protective gear when outdoors can help prevent solar lentigines from developing again. Conditions due to genetic factors though, can recur. Inflammation of the skin from various causes can also result in the re-appearance of pigmentation on the skin.
Side effects from pigmentation treatments:
Dr Cheong Lai Leng, dermatologist of LL Cheong Skin & Laser Clinic cautions: “Some procedures have downtime involved, hence it is important to take note of the post-treatment period, so that you can plan time away from your professional or social activities.” Also, be sure to inform your skin doctor should there be any change in your health or condition of your skin before the procedure.