Acne is commonly called acne, also called acne, which refers to a kind of abnormal skin. Acne basically includes: blocked pores, whiteheads, blackheads, acne, pustules, cysts, deep acne. These skin blemishes are formed where there are more sebaceous glands on the skin, mainly concentrated on the face, chest, and back.
Acne can persist from 10 years to 40 years or older. Surveys show that up to 85% of adolescents are victims of acne. This is mainly due to the relatively strong hormone secretion of adolescents, which leads to excessive secretion of sebaceous glands. When the hair follicle sebum units change dramatically, there is a possibility of acne. The death of facial skin cells will form agglomerates and cause the secretion of oil from the sebaceous glands, which will block the pores and cause the formation of acne.
Fortunately, the acne situation generally tends to decrease around the age of 25. Although the formation of acne is irrespective of men and women, the formation of more severe acne is more likely to occur on male skin. Acne is usually more severe in women who have irregular periods or are pregnant. Changes in living habits or high-stress lifestyles, discontinuation of birth control pills, and use of acne-producing cosmetics can also cause acne growth.
It is important to seek the professional assistance of a skin specialist as soon as possible, as they will develop the most suitable treatment according to the different severity of individual acne.
Many people think that whenever ugly flaws appear on the face, they must be removed immediately. This is a common misconception when teenagers face skin problems. When acne lesions appear on the skin, acne should not be picked out or squeezed to avoid deepening the infection. Squeezing also pushes infectious substances deeper into the skin, causing skin inflammation and even scarring.
The best countermeasure against acne is to treat it in time to avoid acne inflammation or worsening infection. The appearance of nodules is to remind patients to seek professional treatment from a professional dermatologist.
Mild acne, which refers to small blackheads, acne, and occasional pustules on the face, can be relieved by gently washing the infected area with warm water and facial cleanser daily to remove dead skin and excessive facial oils. Apply the medicine provided by a professional doctor to the affected area. Acne scar removal treatments, including blue light treatment and chemical peels, can achieve good results in alleviating mild acne.
Moderate acne includes blackheads, acne, and pustules. However, the area of these skin lesions on the face is relatively large, which can account for one-quarter to three-quarters of the face. Moderate acne treatments include the following: chemical peels, light therapy, application of antibiotics or retinoids specific to the face, oral antibiotics or isotretinoin, all of these treatments can effectively improve facial acne to a certain extent.
Severe acne is mainly caused by deep cysts, extensive inflammation and scar formation. This type of severe skin symptoms requires a stronger anti-acne treatment to see the effect. However, such treatment requires not only long-term pay, but also the patient's Cooperate. The course of treatment includes: incision and drainage surgery, corticosteroid injection, oral antibiotics or isotretinoin, laser treatment and phototherapy to achieve the best effect.
Acne sometimes leaves scars on the skin or causes pigmentation in the later stages of recovery. In most cases, red or brown scars caused by acne can fade out without treatment. The speed at which acne scars fade depends on the individual's ability to repair wounds. It is recommended that patients start anti-acne and treat acne scars as early as possible to reduce the harm to the human body and psychology.
It is also necessary to understand the differences between acne scars and acne spots. Acne spots are red or brown pigmentation left by acne wound residues in the later stages of healing. Acne scars are more pigmented in different colors such as:
Pink acne scars, polypigmented acne scars, white acne scars, these pigment deposits will fade over time, the effect of applying ointment is better, because the special ingredients of the ointment such as hydroquinone have the function of lightening spots, can help Skin restoration. This has a similar effect to chemical peeling, but it will cause light sensitivity to the skin. Therefore, after chemical peeling, patients need to take sun protection measures to protect the skin.
In terms of treatment, acne scars and acne spots can be treated by laser microdermabrasion, topical medication, corticosteroid injection, compression therapy, surgery and laser treatment, etc. to achieve a certain degree of efficacy.