Pigmentation disorders, also known as hyperpigmentation, refer to a group of conditions that cause patches or larger areas of skin to darken. Hyperpigmentation occurs due to an overproduction of melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair and eyes their natural colours. It can affect anyone regardless of race and skin colour.
As with many skin conditions, the causes and symptoms of pigmentation vary:
Underlying medical conditions, hormonal changes and certain medications can also contribute to pigmentation problems.
While skin discoloration caused by hyperpigmentation is harmless, it can seem unsightly to some people. Fortunately, there are numerous safe and effective treatments available to address pigmentation: